maanantai, 30. lokakuu 2017

Throat Cancer Symptoms

Throat cancer indicates a malignant tumor in or at the larynx, on the vocal cords or another part of the throat. What are the symptoms that should make us think of throat cancer?

What are the throat cancer symptoms?

Throat which is resistant to antibiotics for more than 14 days, accompanied by swollen glands, difficulty swallowing, ear pain or neck pain, a sustained cough, a hoarse voice are the throat cancer symptoms.

Consult with doctor
If you notice these symptoms, you should consult to doctor without delay. The most specific throat cancer symptoms is a voice change. This is a serious warning. As a precaution, it is strongly advised not to smoke when the throat is irritated or feeling burned.

How is throat cancer diagnosed?

The clinical examination of the mouth is supplemented with a scan. When a tumor is detected, a biopsy must confirm whether it is effective for cancer. Thereafter, other studies are performed to determine the properties of the tumor (size, the rate of development, metastases, etc.).

Can you prevent throat cancer?

Some studies show that vitamin A, beta-carotene, and green tea have a preventive effect on throat cancer. Globally, we can assume that the major lines of cancer prevention also apply to throat cancer. Below you will find an overview of the most important recommendations in the field of cancer prevention:

  • Eat a lot of fruits and vegetables.
  • Prefer full grain products and legumes.
  • Use milk, dairy products, and cheese to a degree.
  • Limit your consumption of meat and fine meats.
  • With regard to fatty substances, limit yourself to the good fats and avoid saturated fats and trans fats, which we mainly find in products of animal origin and in industrial foods.
  • Eat fish at least twice a week. Fish provides omega 3 fatty acids, which also have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular health, as well as in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease.
  • Limit the consumption of foods and beverages containing sugar.
  • Do not drink alcohol.
  • And of course, do not smoke!

keskiviikko, 11. lokakuu 2017

Uterine Cancer Age Risk

There is no way to predict whether an individual woman will get uterine cancer, and there is no way to screen for this disease. It is possible to develop uterine cancer without being at high risk, and it is possible to be at high risk and not develop it. However, female who fall into the following groups may be more likely to develop uterine cancer:

  • Female between the ages of 50 and 70 are at increased risk. The chance of being diagnosed with uterine cancer increases with age. More than half of female with uterine cancer are diagnosed after age 55.
  • Female who are overweight or obese. Female who are obese are two to four times more likely to develop uterine cancer than female of normal weight. This is because the fat in the body can change other hormones into estrogen. The higher a woman’s estrogen levels, the greater her risk is of developing uterine cancer, especially if she is more than 50 pounds overweight.
  • Female who use “unopposed estrogen” hormone therapy. Using unopposed estrogen means taking an estrogen-containing pill or supplement that does not contain the estrogen-balancing hormone, progesterone. Additionally, non-hormonal medications, such as tamoxifen, used for breast cancer patients, can increase the risk of uterine cancer.
  • Female who have complex atypical hyperplasia. This is an abnormal tissue in the uterus that is likely to turn into cancer if not treated.
  • Female who began menstruating early, before age 12. Estrogen is a key component in menstrual cycles, so early menstruation means that a woman’s lifetime exposure to levels of estrogen is higher.
  • Female who undergo menopause after the age of 50. Menopause leads to loss of estrogen when the ovaries stop working, resulting in symptoms such as hot flashes. If menstrual cycles continue after the age of 50, there is continued estrogen production by the ovaries and elevated lifetime levels of estrogen.
  • Female with a history of infertility
  • Female who have infrequent periods or a history of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), a metabolism disorder that causes ovulation irregularities
  • Female who have never been pregnant
  • Female with diabetes
  • Female with hypertension
  • Female who have had colon cancer before the age of 50
  • Female with a gene inherited at birth that increases their risk. This can include female who have three or more family members, of whom at least one is a parent, sibling (brother or sister) or child, with one of the following diagnoses:
  1. colon cancer
  2. hepatobiliary cancer (cancer in the liver or gallbladder)
  3. ovarian cancer
  4. stomach cancer
  5. small intestine cancer
  6. brain cancer
  7. some forms of skin cancer